Effects of vermicast and chicken dung

The nitrogen characteristics of soil directly reflect its fertility, and influence the absorption and utilization of mineral elements by plants. The difference between the nitrate contents of cucumber fruits was not significant between VP amendment and lack of fertilizer amendment, despite the fact that the VP application provided a large number of mineral nutrients. Smith, String beans have shallow and fairly week root systems, so growers practice frequent, shallow cultivation and hosing to keep small weeds and grasses under control. This diagram shows the relationship between the variables used in the study. Chicken manure compost was purchased from Ruiyuande Biotechnology Co. The pod may be round, oval or flat in shape and green, yellow or red in color. Specifically, it seeks to answer the following questions: 1. Scope and Delimitation of the Study The purpose of the study is to determine the effects of vermicast and chicken dung mixed with vermicast to the growth and yield of string beans. The study will be also a significant endeavor in promoting the two organic fertilizers in improving the performance of string beans Phaseolous vulgaris.

The results of her study showed that the application of 35g of chicken manure had the most number of fruits per plant and highest computed yield per hectare.

The use of VP amendment as the basal fertilizer significantly improved the basic soil physicochemical properties, mineral nutrient, and biological properties, and it also increased cucumber yield, and improved fruit quality.

Null Hypothesis 1. Chicken dung or chicken manure is a chicken excreta used as an organic fertilizers for crops or trees that may provide a portion, or all, of the plant requirement. Table 1 Basic characters of cultivated soil used in experiment. Compared to the control, the abundance of beneficial fungi in the vermicompost treatment also exhibited a downward trend, but their abundance was higher than that of the other fertilizer application treatments. The beans themselves are usually inches long depending on the variety. In this study, the effect of FC treatment on the reduction of harmful fungi was significantly better than that of the FT treatment, and the beneficial effects of VP were more prominent. Effects on soil microbiological and chemical properties. In the FC treatment, the relative abundance of Ascomycota, Glomeromycota, and Zygomycota decreased significantly. The study was conducted to determine which of varying rates of chicken manure would result to the best growth and yield of sweet pepper planted under giant ipil-pil trees. Smith, String beans have shallow and fairly week root systems, so growers practice frequent, shallow cultivation and hosing to keep small weeds and grasses under control. These castings have been shown to contain reduced levels of contaminants and a higher saturation of nutrients than organic materials before composting Ndegwa, et.

The worm casting also contain worm mucus which helps prevent nutrients for washing away with the first watering and holds moisture better than plain soil. Most varieties are ready to be harvested days after planting.

Tomato-producing systems include many tomato-growing solar greenhouses with different tomato planting history. The fruit will be harvested in the afternoon or after the morning dew and when the plants are thoroughly dry.

By understanding the needs nowadays of these said beneficiaries, they will be assured of a great advantage in using vermicast and chicken dung mixed with vermicast as organic fertilizers of string beans instead of inorganic or commercial fertilizers.

best way to compost chicken manure

The relative abundance of uncultured Trichoderma was significantly greater in the FT treatment than that in other treatments Fig. What is the effect of chicken dung mixed with vermicast as organic fertilizer on the yield of string beans?

vermicompost

The height of plants will be measured to the stage where it will start to bear fruit. In soil amended with the VP treatment, MBN and TP were significantly and positively correlated with the soil fungal communities; this result is consistent with previous reports Liu et al.

Manure compost has been widely applied as it is highly accessible at low price Hepperly et al. The use of organic farming with organic amendments as nutrient inputs to the soil is currently increasing, and organic farming is becoming an alternative agricultural practice to sustain economical vegetable production with minimal environmental pollution and higher fruit quality. Similar results were obtained in our study in that the fertilizer amendment increased the yield of cucumber fruit even though the yield decreased yearly under continuous cropping conditions. Fresh poultry manure is difficult to handle because of its high water content and cannot be applied to crops due to caustic effects or foliage. The pod may be round, oval or flat in shape and green, yellow or red in color. Soil available-N and AP were increased by VP treatment, and the integration of bioorganic nutrient supplements significantly maintained soil health and productivity on a long-term basis for sustainable crop production Yadav et al. This study is related to the present work because it studies the growth and yield of snap bean. In this study, the effect of FC treatment on the reduction of harmful fungi was significantly better than that of the FT treatment, and the beneficial effects of VP were more prominent. The vermicompost used in the study was obtained by adding earthworms Eisenia fetida to semi-decomposed cow manure; before use, the vermicompost was passed through a 2 mm sieve to remove the earthworms. The leaves have three leaflets; the flowers are of many colors; and the fruit is a legume, or pod containing several white, red or dark seeds. Using chicken dung as an organic fertilizer for crops or trees will provide a portion, or all of the plant requirements. A principal component analysis PCA indicated that the differences in the fungal community structure between FT and CK treatments were small. The use of VP amendment as the basal fertilizer significantly improved the basic soil physicochemical properties, mineral nutrient, and biological properties, and it also increased cucumber yield, and improved fruit quality. Refers to the height of the string beans which is measured weekly. In the ordination diagrams, it can be seen that ordering the positions of the values for harmful fungi e.

Therefore, the vitamin C content of cucumber fruits might depend on the combined effects of soil mineral nutrients, soil properties, plant responses, and fertilizer properties. The cause of this effect might be the ability of VP to promote crop system development more effectively than other fertilizers and the capacity to absorb more mineral ions while simultaneously producing hydrogen ions Edwards and Burrows ; Orozco et al.

Our data indicated that the soil organic matter OM and soluble organic carbon DOC contents increased significantly following application of fertilizer over a 4-year period; these results are consistent with previous studies that showed increased carbon storage by exogenous organic amendments in addition to improvements in several soil functions related to the presence of organic matter Lashermes et al.

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